I don’t have any schematics myself, but a quick google search for “mosfet inverter” delivered this: https://www.quora.com/How-is-MOSFET-used-as-an-inverter
The K40 power supply has an internal pull up resistor on the L input, which only needs to be tied to GND to fire the laser.
This means you could directly connect an N-Channel MOSFETs drain pin to the L input of the power supply, the source to GND and the gate to the PWM output of the arduino. GND of Adruino and power supply need to be connected also.
@cprezzi So not like this? Using the FET, does that control laser intensity by PWM or just on/off?
Normaly the IN pin is connected to a potentiometer to adjust the max current (= laser power) and the L pin is used for PWM (low active).
So I would connect the mosfet drain to the L pin without an additional pullup (because L is pulled up internally in the PSU).
@cprezzi So like this or using the L on the center connector? A bud of mine is using the same controller without FET and has the L/G bridged (center connector) and has D11 to the 0-5v connection also on the center connector. His works fine and PWM is controlled by shield/Software BUT, he does have a certain way to power the board or he gets a prefire of laser which I am trying to avoid. That is why I wanted to add the FET to eliminate that. I am being told NUMEROUS ways to wire this up to a K40 and my head hurts… LOL
@cprezzi Here is my buds connections
@Custom_Creations Your schematics is close, but you don’t need the resistor and connection to 5V on the Xpro, because the Laser PSU has an internal pullup.
@cprezzi I do not have an xpro. Just example of connection So take off the resistor on the 5v connection and it will be correct or dont use the 5v and resistor at all??
The advantage of having a potentiometer is that you can adjust the maximum power with the pot and still use the whole PWM range of 0-100%. This way you don’t lose grayscale resolution.
@cprezzi Is not using a POT an option?
Yes. You could just bridge the center (input power level) to the right (5V) pin to fix power to max. Or better use a fixed voltage divider to set the max. allowed current. But I don’t recomend both.
Grbl has only 256 PWM steps from 0 to 100%. If you just need 10% power for the darkest part of an engrave, then there are only 25 different power levels left. That’s not enough for grayscale.
Ciao @cprezzi sto cercando di collegare CNC shield al PSU del K40. La cnc shield è alimentata da un alimentatore aggiuntivo. Non riesco a capire cosa sbaglio, il pwm non funziona. Per favore potresti aiutarmi?
I’m sorry, my italien is very bad. I would suggest to leave the potentiometer of the K40 connected to GND, IN and 5V of the PSU (to set the maximum power) and use the TTL (active low) pin for the PWM signal of the CNC shield (usually on SpnEn).
A small problem is, that the PSU needs an inverted signal on the TTL pin. So you need to invert the PWM signal of the CNC shield. This could be done with a NPN-Transistor or N-Channel MOSFET:
For this to work, the GNDs of the CNC Shield and PSU needs to be connected too.
Hi @cprezzi, Thanks for your suggestions. Sorry for my English
I modified my scheme by inserting an N-Channel Mosfet and the potentiometer. Is it correct now? I forgot to say that I am using Grbl 1.1F, so using SpnEn Pin is the greyscale preserved (or i need to use Z+ pin)?
That scheme looks fine.
If your CNC Shield is the older version V3.0, you need to use Z+ insted of SpnEn.
On CNC Shield V3.1 the pins was swapped, so you could use SpnEn(pwm) pin.
Hi @cprezzi, thank you very much. Do you recommend using a 1k ohm resistance between Z+ and mosfet? Also, I am unable to find a p75nf75 mosfet, is there an alternative?
Yes, I would add a 1kOhm resistor to protect the Arduino output. Eventually it’s also wise to connect a 10-100kOhm resistor between gate and source of the mosfet, so it safely stays off when the Arduino pin is floaring.
@cprezzi Scheme updated. It should be complete. Feel free to suggest. Thanks
This looks just fine and should work as expected.
For the mosfet you can use many types. It just has to be N-Channel and accept TTL level at the gate, like IRL540 or IRLZ44.